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Arthropods, 2023, 12(2): 111-119
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Article

Butterfly diversity in an urban area illustrates the significance of green spaces in urban biodiversity conservation

Pawan U. Gajbe, Vaishali H. Badiye
Department of Zoology, Shri Mathuradas Mohota College of Science, Nagpur-440024, Maharashtra, India

Received 21 January 2023;Accepted 28 February 2023;Published online 6 March 2023;Published 1 June 2023
IAEES

Abstract
Rapid urbanisation and population growth are a threat to butterflies found in urban habitats. In this study, we look at the diversity and abundance of butterflies in a small urban green space, our college campus which is surrounded by urban sprawl in Nagpur City. Species diversity, species richness and Simpson diversity index were used to analyse the composition of the butterfly community. Overall, 2775 individuals, 38 species, and 5 families were recorded. The dominant family at the study site is Nymphalidae, followed by Lycaenidae, Pieridae, Papilionidae and Hesperiidae. Our study reveals that the small urban green space, that is, our study area is supporting about 26 percent of the butterfly species found in Nagpur. It demonstrates that urban green spaces are essential for the conservation of urban butterfly fauna.

Keywords Lepidoptera;Rhopalocera;species composition;urban biodiversity;urbanisation.



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