eng
International Academy of Ecology and Environmental Sciences
Computational Ecology and Software
2220-721X
2015-12-1
5
4
340
353
7
article
Forms and genesis of species abundance distributions
Evans O. Ochiaga
1
2
Cang Hui
1
2
Theoretical Ecology Group, Department of Mathematical Sciences, Stellenbosch University, Matieland 7602, and African
Institute for Mathematical Sciences, Muizenberg 7945, South Africa
Species abundance distribution (SAD) is one of the most important metrics in community ecology. SAD curves take a hollow or hyperbolic shape in a histogram plot with many rare species and only a few common species. In general, the shape of SAD is largely log-normally distributed, although the mechanism behind this particular SAD shape still remains elusive. Here, we aim to review four major parametric forms of SAD and three contending mechanisms that could potentially explain this highly skewed form of SAD. The parametric forms reviewed here include log series, negative binomial, lognormal and geometric distributions. The mechanisms reviewed here include the maximum entropy theory of ecology, neutral theory and the theory of proportionate effect.
http://www.iaees.org/publications/journals/ces/articles/2015-5(4)/forms-and-genesis-of-species-abundance-distributions.pdf
maximum entropy
lognormal
neutral theory
proportionate effect
biodiversity