Environmental Skeptics and Critics, 2013, 2(2): 30-45
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Paradigms of global climate change and sustainable development: Issues and related policies

Prabhat Kumar Rai1, Prashant Kumar Rai2
1Department of Forest Ecology, Biodiversity, and Environmental Sciences, School of Earth Sciences and Natural Resource Management, Mizoram Central University, Gram MZU, Tanhril, Aizawl, 796009, India
2Law School, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, India

Received 17 March 2013;Accepted 22 April 2013;Published online 1 June 2013

Combating climate change is intimately linked with peace and resource equity. Therefore, critical link establishment between climate change and sustainable development is extremely relevant in global scenario. Following the 1992 Earth Summit in Rio, the international sustainable development agenda was taken up by the UN Commission on Sustainable Development (CSD); the climate change agenda was carried forward by the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). International and local climate change mitigation policies need to be assessed based on sustainability criteria. The increasing concern over climate change drives towards the search of solutions enabling to combat climate change into broader context of sustainable development. The core element of sustainable development is the integration of economic, social and environmental concerns in policy-making. Therefore, article also analyzes post-Kyoto climate change mitigation regimes and their impact on sustainable development. Wide range of post- Kyoto climate change mitigation architectures has different impact on different groups of countries. Nevertheless, there are several reasons for optimism that sustainable consumption patterns might develop. One is the diversity of current consumption patterns and the growing minority concerned with ethical consumption. Another is the growing understanding of innovation processes, developed to address technological change, but applicable to social innovation. A third reason is the growing reflexivity of communities and institutions.

Keywords sustainable development;global climate change;policies;indigenous technologies;civil conflict.

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