Environmental Skeptics and Critics, 2013, 2(4): 126-148
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Environmental and socio-economic impacts of global climate change: An overview on mitigation approaches

Prabhat Kumar Rai1 , Prashant Kumar Rai2
1Department of Forest Ecology, Biodiversity, and Environmental Sciences, School of Earth Sciences and Natural Resource Management, Mizoram Central University, Gram MZU, Tanhril, Aizawl, 796009, India
2Law School, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, India

Received 17 March 2013;Accepted 7 May 2013;Published online 1 December 2013

Climate change is expected to bring about major change in freshwater availability, the productive capacity of soils, and in patterns of human settlement. Likewise, climate change is intimately linked to human health either directly or indirectly. However, considerable uncertainties exist with regard to the extent and geographical distribution of these changes. Predicting scenarios for how climate-related environmental change may influence human societies and political systems necessarily involves an even higher degree of uncertainty. Societies have a long record of adapting to climate risks and, climate changes. Household asset portfolios and livelihood choices are shaped by the need to manage climatic risks, especially in rural areas and for lowincome households. Likewise, disaggregated analysis revealed that demographic and environmental variables have a very profound effect on the risk of civil conflict and hence peace. In nutshell, we can say that there may be multifaceted impact of climate change in its totality. Further, different views, issues and mitigation measures are discussed particularly in Indian scenario. In this direction, The "National Action Plan on Climate Change" was set by Indian Prime Minister which encompasses a broad and extensive range of measures, and focuses on eight missions, which will be pursued as key components of the strategy for sustainable development. These include missions on solar energy, enhanced energy efficiency, sustainable habitat, conserving water, sustaining the Himalayan ecosystem, creating a "Green India," sustainable agriculture and, finally, establishing a strategic knowledge platform for climate change. Finally, different steps/approaches pertaining to green, eco-friendly and sustainable technology has been discussed in order to mitigate the impact of global environmental damage originating from increased industrialization and hence appropriately address this global disaster which is being the root cause of North-South debate and global environmental politics.

Keywords climate change;green house gases;Kyoto Protocol;civil conflict;sustainable;green technology.

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