Environmental Skeptics and Critics, 2014, 3(4): 83-87
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Prevalence of microbial contamination of fresh seafood product sold in Constantine, Algeria

Amira Leila Dib1,3, Nedjoua Lakhdara1, Elena Espigares Rodriguez1, Rachid Kabouia3, Elena Moreno Roldan1, Miguel Espigares Garcia3, Hafida Koutchoukali3, Linda Guerraichi2, Omar Bouaziz1
1Laboratoire de Gestion de la Sante et Productions Animales-Institut des Sciences Veterinaire. El Khroub,Universite Constantine. Algeria
2Laboratoire Veterinaire Regional de Constantine. Algeria
3Departamento de Medicina Preventiva y Salud Publica. Facultad de Farmacia. Universidad de Granada. Espana

Received 14 July 2014;Accepted 20 August 2014;Published online 1 December 2014

The seafood products are considered as an important element in the Mediterranean diet and play a significant role in the appearance of diseases and food poisoning. Forty samples of seafood products from various provenances of eastern coast of Algeria were randomly collected from several retail markets at the Constantine region. Total bacterial counts of Aerobic Mesophilic bacteria, Salmonella spp., total and fecal coliforms, Staphylococcus aureus, sulphite reducing anaerobes bacteria, Vibrio spp., were measured. 39 samples (97.5%) of the seafood product analysed, were inappropriate for human consumption, solely one sample 2.5% of sardines were suitable for human consumption. Salmonella spp., was detected in one sample (3% of Sardines), Total and fecal coliforms were detected in 39 samples, Clostridium spp. were detected in 5 samples. No strain of Staphylococcus aureus and vibrio were detected. The results of this study constitute an indicator of bacteriological contamination and showed that samples markets were contaminated with potential pathogenic microorganisms.

Keywords seafood;microbial contamination;pathogenic microorganisms;hygiene.

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