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Environmental Skeptics and Critics, 2015, 4(1): 1-26
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Article

Multifaceted health impacts of Particulate Matter (PM) and its management: An overview

Prabhat Kumar Rai
Department of Environmental Science, Mizoram University, Tanhril, Aizawl-796004, Mizoram, India

Received 19 November 2014;Accepted 27 December 2014;Published online 1 March 2015
IAEES

Abstract
Urban air quality is becoming a serious public health concern at global scale. Particulate matter (PM) pollution is intimately linked with human health. Present review describes the different human health implications associated with PM pollution. PM may derive its origin from natural and anthropogenic sources. Vehicle derived pollutants as well as industrial emissions simultaneously release deleterious fine-grained PM into the atmosphere. Fine PM especially PM2.5 and PM10 are particularly deleterious to human health. Air pollution PM is an important environmental health risk factor for several respiratory and cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Further, PM is inextricably linked with genotoxicity and mutations. Literature review of the cellular and molecular basis of adverse effects associated with PM is presented in this paper. Finally, management, existing technologies and policy options to reduce or mitigate the adverse health impacts of PM pollution is discussed as an eco-sustainable approach.

Keywords dust;cardiovascular disease;DNA adduct;mortality;epidemiology;heavy metals.



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