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Proceedings of the International Academy of Ecology and Environmental Sciences, 2019, 9(2): 44-52
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Article

Economic valuation of protected areas: Overview of Chapada Dos Guimaraes National Park in Mato Grosso, Brazil

Maira Luiza Spanholi
Graduate Program in Environmental Sciences, State University of Mato Grosso, Santos Dumont av., Caceres, Mato Grosso, 78200-000, Brazil

Received 29 January 2019;Accepted 1 March 2019;Published 1 June 2019
IAEES

Abstract
The Protected Areas (PAs) are protected areas that follow the guidelines of the National System of Conservation Units (SNUC) responsible for safeguarding the Brazilian natural heritage, which in addition to preserving part of the biome of a certain place, provide environmental services that are fundamental to nature and the human population. This paper aims to demonstrate the importance of economically valuing protected areas, such as the Chapada dos Guimaraes National Park in Mato Grosso State. The methodology is based on bibliographical and documentary review. The Mato Grosso Protected Areas are important spaces for protecting biodiversity, especially since they protect significant parts of three important biomes. One of these PAs is the Chapada dos Guimaraes National Park, which is an important space created by legislation for the protection of the environment, especially the Cerrado biome. However, they may face threats that endanger their purpose. In this way, the economic valuation of these areas assists in decision making regarding environmental protection policies, demonstrating the importance of investments to create and maintain PAs at the expense of other policies. It concludes that protected areas meet the objectives for which they were created, but they suffer threats that may endanger their purpose. Therefore, valuing these areas would demonstrate the importance they have both to the environment and to the population and would help in public policies for their maintenance.

Keywords biodiversity;conservation;economic value;Mato Grosso;protected areas.



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